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Proceedings

Fouling, Cleaning and Disinfection in Food Processing, 2002

Index of Proceedings

Proceedings cover

Session I - Fouling

Calcium phosphate scale formation from SMUF solutions
Andritsos, N., Yiantsios, S. and Karabelas, A.J.

1

Fouling in wort boiling systems
Tse, K.L., Pritchard, A.M. and Fyer, P.J.

9

Coring: deposition of palm oil fats in distribution lines
Fitzgerald, A, Barnes, O.J., Smart, I. and Wilson, D.I.

17

Effect of surface tension on the growth rate and density of calcium phosphate deposits formed on stainless steel
Rosmaninho, R., Visser H. and Melo, L.F.

25

Session II - Attachment and Surfaces

Atomic force microscopy applied to monitoring initial stages of milk fouling on stainless steel
Parbhu, A.N., Lee, W.M., Thomsen, S.J. and Siew, D.C.W.

33

Effects of interaction energy on biofouling adhesion
Zhao, Q., Liu, Y. and Muller-Steinhagen, H.

41

When is a biofilm not a biofilm - and does it really matter?
Verran, J.

49

Influence of heat treatments on the surface properties and adhesion of B. Cereus and B. Subtilis spores
Faille, C., Jullien, C, Fontaine, F., Parent, S. and Bénézech, T.

57

UVC Control of biofilm produced by Listeria moncytogenes
Granum, P.E., O'Sullivan, K. and Bånrud, H.

65

Attachment of Bacillus cereus spores with and without appendages to solid surfaces of stainless steel and polypropylene
Klavenes, A., Stalheim, T., Sjøvold, O., Josefson, K. and Granum, P.E.

69

Session III - Cleaning A

Cleaning rate in the uniform cleaning stage for whey protein gel deposits
Xin, H., Chen, X.D. and Özkan, N.

77

Milk heat exchanger cleaning: modelling of deposit removal II
Duerr, H.

87

Dynamic gauging investigations of cleaning-in-place of whey protein soils on solid surfaces
Tuladhar, T.R., Chew, J., Cardoso, S.S.S.C., Paterson, W.R. and Wilson, D.I.

95

The effect of mineral concentration on whey protein concentrate (WPC) fouling and cleaning of a pilot scale plate heat exchanger (PHE)
Christian, G.K., Changani, S. and Fryer, P.J.

103

Enzymatic cleaning of the milk heater
Graßhoff, A.

111

Hygiene and flow modelling in food processing equipment
Friis, A. and Jensen, B.B.B.

119

Thermophile survival during cleaning in milk fouling and on stainless steel
Hinton, A., Trinh, K.T., Brooks, J.D. and Manderson, G.J.

127

Session IV - Cleaning B

Pulsed cleaning : physical and chemical effects on cleaning of a dairy-fouled pilot-scale plate heat exchanger (PHE)
Christian, G.K. and Fryer, P.J.

135

Removal of calcium salt deposits from metal surfaces using environmentally benign polyaspartic acid
Burns, K., Wu, Y.-T. and Grant, C.S.

143

The effect of cleaning agent selection upon UF membrane performance over several operational cycles
Weiss, A., Bird, M.R., Chukwuemeka, J.K. and Price, R.

151

Comparison of ultrasound-based cleaning programs for cheesery utensils
Wirtanen, G., Salo, S., Heino, A. and Mattila-Sandholm, T.

165

Cleaning in place : modelling of cleaning kinetics of pipes soiled by Bacillus spores
Lelièvre, C., Antonini, G., Faille, C., and Benezech, T.

173

The variation of zeta and streaming potential with pH for UF membranes subjected to a range of fouling and cleaning protocols
Weiss, A., Bird, M.R. and Nyström, M.

181

Disinfectant efficacy on spoilage yeasts isolated from various food processes
Wirtanen, G. and Juvonen, R.

189

Novel flow ice pigging methodologies to achieve fast and efficient Clean-in-Place
Quarini, J., Salgado-Ayala, R. and Shire, S.

197

Cleaning characteristics of CIP sprayballs
Morison, K.R. and Thorpe, R.J.

205

Session V - Monitoring

Industrial experience of monitoring fouling and cleaning systems
Hasting, A.P.M.

213

The use of a heat flux sensor for in-line monitoring of fouling of non-heated surfaces
Truong, T., Anema, S., Kirkpatrick, K. and Chen, H.

221

Monitoring system for improving cleaning efficiency of CIP processes (OPTI-CIP)
van Asselt, A.J.

229

On-line fouling/cleaning detection by measuring electrical resistance
Chen, X.D., Lin, X.Y.L., Lin, S.X.Q. and Özkan, N.

235

Direct measurement of the forces required to disrupt and remove a fouling deposit
Liu, W., Christian, G.K., Zhang, Z. and Fryer, P.J.

245

Monitoring CIP using heat flux sensors
Croy, R.J., Trinh, K.T., Smith, T. and Tredwell, S.

253

Cover Illustrations : Micro-organisms courtesy of Unilever Research (Colworth); fat crystal courtesy of A.M. Fitzgerald; factory lines courtesy of D.I. Wilson

Published by the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge, CB2 3RA, UK.

Copyright © Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Cambridge

ISBN 0-9542483-0-9